1. GAME FIELD
Beach and Water Smolball® 30m x 20m
Ice , Roller and Inline Smolball® 45mx25m
Freistosslinie – free throw line
Penaltylinie – penalty throw line
Verteidiger = defender
Stürmer = forward
Anspiellinie = serving line
1.2 The whole gymnasium constitutes the playing field (including the walls, no outs; exception: the ball touches the ceiling).
1.3 If the game is played on the grass, the playing field is marked out by bounds or base lines.
1.4 The ball touches a wall / a bound = the play continues.
1.5 If the ball has gone off the playing field, a free throw is awarded on the spot where the ball went off (out).
1.6 The game is also played behind a goal but one can only score a goal from the front.
1.7 The distance between the goal and the wall / bound is 3.0 metres.
2. SMOLLBALL® EQUIPMENT
2.1 Dimensions: 2 m long, 1.25 m wide
2.2 School racket made of aluminium
2.3 Professional racket made of graphite
2.4 A ball covered with a sponge layer.
2.5 For safety reasons only Smolball® equipment is allowed.
3. PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
3.1 The game does not require any protective equipment.
4.1 A team includes 16 players
4.2 During the game there are 3 players on the field + 1 goalkeeper.
5. DURATION OF A GAME
5.1 A match lasts 70 minutes and is divided into 3 periods.
5.2 2 x 20 minutes with a 10-minute break. In the last period, which lasts 30 minutes, players change sides after 15 minutes without a break.
5.3 Each time a game is interrupted the time is to be stopped.
6. STARTING THE GAME
6.1 A game starts with a jump ball.
6.2 Standing at the intersection of the half-way line and the circle, a referee is holding the ball.
6.3 Players are standing at their half of the field looking at the referee and touching the end of the service line with their rackets. A player's racket, arm and leg are in one line. After the referee has thrown the ball up, the players may jump to "capture" the ball.
6.4 Players may jump but have to land on their halves of the playing field.
6.5 If a player has landed on the opponent's side or has touched in the air another player, the opponents receive a free throw.
7.1 The ball is dropped on the spot of the event.
7.2 Players stand in parallel with the base line / the bound.
7.3 Rackets must touch the ground (the distance between the rackets: 1 m).
7.4 After the ball has been dropped by a referee, players may jump and attempt to "capture" the ball.
8. CHANGING PLAYERS
8.1 A player can be replaced at any point of the game.
8.2 A player is able to enter the playing field only after another player to be replaced has left it.
8.3 If there are too many players on the field, the player who has entered the field too early receives a 4-minute penalty.
9. BALL IN PLAY
9.1 A player is allowed to touch the ball 4 times maximally (without any restrictions to the number of steps). Exception: if the ball is picked up from the ground for the first time, it is not counted as touching the ball (except for Water Smolball®)
9.2 When bouncing the ball on the racket, it is allowed to take 4 steps maximum and then pass it further.
9.3 Raising the ball lying on the ground = 4 times maximally.
9.4 The ball may lie still on the racket for the maximum of 4 seconds.
9.5 It is not allowed to cover the ball with one's body or racket.
10. PLAYING THE BALL WITH FOOT OR SHANK
10.1 Serving the ball with a foot or shank is forbidden (free throw). However, it the opponent team has the ball, the play goes on (advantage).
10.2 If the ball has touched a player's foot (accidentally), the game goes on (the event is counted as touching the ball).
10.3 The ball may be touched with a thigh or chest (which is counted as touching the ball! – example: once with a thigh + 3 times with a racket).
10.4 If the ball bounces off a foot (accidentally!), players may continue the play. This event is counted as touching the ball once.
11. PLAYING THE BALL WITH ARM, HAND OR HEAD
11.1 When serving the ball, players are not allowed to hit it with a hand, arm or head. However, it the opponent team have the ball, the play goes on (advantage).
12. ATTACKING FROM BEHIND
12.1 The player who has got the ball at a given moment must not be attacked from behind (free throw).
13.1 A goalkeeper plays with a racket (without the need to use any gear but he or she should not wear glasses).
13.2 The goalkeeper should be marked clearly – a different colour of his or her T-shirt and shorts.
13.3 When serving from a goal a goalkeeper cannot score a goal immediately (a free throw from the goal at the other side).
13.4 In the goal area a goalkeeper may protect the ball with the whole body. He/she is also allowed to hold the ball (for 4 seconds) or kick it off.
13.5 Outside the goal area a goalkeeper is treated as any other player in the field.
13.6 It is not allowed to hinder a goalkeeper from serving the ball (the distance between a Goalkeeper and an opponent: 4 m). Otherwise the goalkeeper receives a free throw and the opponent a yellow card and a 4-minute penalty.
13.7 A goalkeeper may keep the ball in his/her hands for the maximum of 4 seconds.
13.8 When serving the ball from the goal the goalkeeper has to have one foot in a front corner of the goal field and the other in the goal field.
14. GOAL AREA
14.1 Goal area: - width: 2.0 m; - length: 5 m (1.5 m left 1.5 m right from the goal polls)
14.2 If the defending team violate the rules of the game in their own goal field, e.g., play with a foot, arm, head, shank, pushing the opponent or playing with the body on the ground (2 body contacts with the ground maximum), their opponents receive a penalty throw.
14.3 In the goal area players from the field are allowed to keep only two parts of their body on the floor.
15.1 The opponent is not allowed to be in the goal field before the ball (a free throw from a front corner of the goal field).
16.1 If the ball goes beyond the field or touches the ceiling, the team which did not touch the ball as the last one receive a free throw.
16.2 The throw is done on the spot where the rules have been broken within the distance of 1 m from a wall or bound maximum.
16.3 PLAYING WITH THE END LINE
If the ball crosses the end line, the team which did not touch the ball as the last one receive a free throw (out). The ball is tossed up with a hand and served with a racket directly in the air. Distance from the opponent: 4 m.If a defender shoots behind the goal line, the other team win a corner throw done from a front corner of the playing field. Distance from the opponent: 4 m.If a forward shoots behind the goal line, the defending team win a free throw from the goal. (This throw is made from a front corner of the goal area).Distance from the opponent: 4 m).
17. FREE THROW
17.1 All free throws are to be made indirectly.
17.2 The ball is tossed up with a hand and then served directly with a racket.
17.3 The throw is done on the spot where the rules have been broken.
17.4 The only exception is when the rules have been broken behind the goal or the extension of the goal line and in the goal area. In such an event the throw is done from a front corner of the goal area.The distance from the opponent is 4 m.
17.5 Backs may build a wall but they have to stand with both feet on the goal line (including the goalkeeper).
18. PENALTY THROW
18.1 If due to breaking the game rules a given team lose a chance for a goal, they receive a penalty throw.
18.2 The picture illustrating the playing field shows how players should stand in the event of a penalty.
18.3 The shooter tosses the ball up with his/her hand and shoots with a racket directly to the goal.
18.4 The goalkeeper stands with both feet on the goal line. If he or she crosses the goal line before shooting and the shooter's team did not score a goal, the penalty throw is to be repeated.
18.5 If a shooter scores a point, it is the goalkeeper who serves next.
18.6 If a shooter does not score a point, the play goes on. If a goalkeeper has defended the goal, the shooting player may continue playing immediately. If the goalkeeper has not touched the ball the player who did the penalty throw may not touch the ball directly. First it must be touched by another player.
19. BREAKING THE RULES WITH THE RACKET
19.1 It is forbidden to hit an opponent with one's racket (= a free throw). However, a slight touch with a racket is allowed.
19.2 It is not allowed to make any misleading gestures (in order to scare another player) when seizing the ball (a free throw and a reprimand). If a player does it twice, he or she receives a yellow card an a 4-minute penalty.
19.3 A player who hits another one with a racket is excluded from the game. After 4 minutes the penalized team can introduce a new player.
19.4 The racket cannot be put between the legs of another player.
19.5 It is forbidden to shoot at other players on purpose
20. PLAYING WITH THE BODY
20.1 It is forbidden to cover the ball with one's own body on the ground.
20.2 Slightly touching the body of another player is tolerated. However, if the latter loses their balance, they receive a free throw.
20.3 Holding, pushing forward or back, or poking the opponent results in a yellow card and a 4-minute penalty without exceptions.
21. PLAYING ON THE GROUND
21.1 A body contact with the ground (except by a goalkeeper) results in a penalty. In the event of a player in the field a two-point body contact with the ground is permitted.
21.2 A body contact with the ground in the goal field means a free throw from a front corner of the goal field for the opponent team.
21.3 Outside the goal area the body contact with the floor is acceptable (even desirable).
22.1 If a team have broken the rules of the game and the opponent have seized the ball or scored a goal, the referee continues the game, an advantage.
23.1 A reprimand, a yellow card and a red card. A player may receive one reprimand only, after which he or she receives a yellow card, and then a red one. However, the referee may also immediately give him or her a yellow card or a red one.
23.2 Breaking the rules of the game equals a yellow card and a 4-minute penalty. However, the penalized team may introduce a new player earlier, if the opponent team have scored a goal before 4 minutes have passed. The penalized player has to sit on the bench for 4 minutes.
23.3 Serious violation of the rules of the game means a red card and exclusion from the game. The penalized team may introduce a new player after 4 minutes.
23.4 Deliberate goal displacement:
by a defender: a free throw and a yellow card (4 minutes)
by a forward: a free throw (a front corner of the goal area) and a yellow card (4 minutes).
23.5 Players are not allowed to talk to the referee.
23.6 If a player complains about the referee's decision, have shouted at other players (also from their own team), they receive a yellow card and a 4-minute penalty.
There are two sets of rules for Smolball®: the school version and the league version.